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Proper Handling of ENIG and Immersion PCB Surface Finishes

Chris Perry
Written by Chris Perry
Posted on March 21, 2013 at 10:35 AM

Printed circuit boards (PCBs) with immersion finishes such as electroless nickel immersion gold (ENIG), immersion tin, silver, and OSP are appealing because they are lead-free. However, if handled improperly, these materials are susceptible to oxidation and corrosion from exposure to moisture and humidity. This oxidation causes dewetting after soldering, which can lead to poor joints at assembly and ultimately lead to failure of the board.

Looking for a Particular Surface Finish for Your Circuit Board?

Solutions For Handling PCB Surface Finishes

Careful handling will minimize oxidation and associated problems. Even natural oils from human skin can tarnish these finishes, so gloves are always recommended when handling printed circuit boards with immersion surface finishes. Additionally, storing your circuit boards in airtight packaging helps prevent oxidation due to humidity and moisture.


PCBs with ENIG finishes that have been heavily oxidized due to exposure to moisture:

Heavily Oxidized PCB with ENIG Surface Finish

Results of solder testing and the dewetting caused by the oxidation on the ENIG surface mount pads:

PCB Solder Testing and Dewetting


Taking the time and simple steps to properly handle and care for ENIG and other immersion finish circuit boards can dramatically reduce defects from occurring down the line. Fewer PCB defects means lowering your PCB costs and increasing your margins.

Topics: Printed Circuit Boards, Quality Solutions

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